Kidney disease and diabetes are the two challenging diseases wherein the diagnosis can be stressful and overwhelming. A long-term complication of diabetes leads to the the kidney failure where the kidneys lose their ability to filter the blood appropriately. So the excess fluid and waste cannot be removed from the body which is very hazardous. Hence, following an appropriate meal plan is required for kidney disease patients. Diabetic people are used to certain meal plans that add up carbohydrates and saturated fat, but kidney disease counts to the foods-to-monitor list, which are as below:
Protein is a vital nutrient which is necessary for building muscles and repairing tissues. When suffering from kidney disease, the kidneys cannot filter protein waste like urea from your body, so this in turn builds up in high levels leading to serious health problems such as fatigue, loss of appetite and even coma. This is the reason many people with kidney disease take very less amount of protein.
Exactly how much protein is required depends on an individual’s kidney function, and it is normally recommended by the dietitian. Non vegetarians can get their protein from eggs, lean meats, and fish. Vegetarians and vegans can get protein from tofu, soy milk and soy nuts. Although cheese, beans, and tree nuts are good protein sources, they are high in phosphorus.
During dialysis, protein is lost; due to which the patients need to increase their protein intake as per the recommendations of their doctor or dietician.
Sodium raises the blood pressure leading to the risk of heart disease. Eating less salt is very much important for the kidney disease patients. Too much sodium also causes swelling and fluid retention around heart and lungs.
You may be advised to eat not more than 1,500 mg of sodium each day depending upon your kidney function level.
Limiting the use of the salts in your meals is a first step. Avoid eating processed foods such as chips, soups, and also sweets which are often loaded with sodium. The best way is to buy unprocessed foods and to make homemade meals. Doing so might take some time but the result will be worth for your health.
You can consider adding herbs or spices to your food to enhance the flavor of foods. As your taste buds get used to to less salt, you’ll appreciate the way natural flavors like squeeze of lemon can add interest to meals. Avoid salt substitutes, which can be high in potassium.
Potassium is often exhibited as compensate to salt because of the way it can help reduce blood pressure. However, too much potassium can build up in the blood when kidneys are not working which can be dangerous for the heart.
Although limiting potassium seems difficult as it is found in many vegetables and fruits, avoiding those which are in high in potassium can be a great idea. Those include potatoes, tomatoes, avocados, bananas, and papaya. Consider low potassium foods like red grapes, spinach, onion, peas, watermelon, and cabbage.
Mineral phosphorus is important for bone health. When kidneys are failing, too much phosphorus can build up in the blood. High phosphorus can draw calcium from your bones leading to the risk for osteoporosis. This causes calcium to build up in a different place in the body, which harms your organs.
So it is always better to eat plenty of high-calcium foods when suffering from kidney disease in order to make up for the calcium that are drawn from your bones. But remember that foods that are rich in calcium are also high in phosphorus. So be careful while choosing the diet and its always good to limit the amount of phosphorus. You may be prescribed with phosphate binder by your doctor to help control the amount of phosphorus which your body gets from the food.
Although being hydrated is a good thing, but careful measures to be taken while drinking fluids. Follow your doctor’s recommendations on fluid intake.
What can I eat now is the question that arises in your mind. Consult your dietician to help you to find the balance between a diabetes-friendly and kidney-friendly meal plan.
Consider eating high-fiber foods that fills you up. A few foods that are of immense fiber source as well as which are moderate in potassium and phosphorus include oats, chickpeas, lentils, cauliflower, pumpkin, and apples.
Slight effort in customizing your meal plan can yield great benefits to your body. It can be completely done by little bit of education and support.