Diet is one of the most important treatments in managing diabetes and kidney disease. If you’ve been diagnosed with kidney disease as a result of diabetes, you’ll need to work with a dietitian to create an eating plan that’s right for you. This plan will help manage your blood glucose levels and reduce the amount of waste and fluid your kidneys process.
Below is an example of food choices that are usually recommended on a typical renal diabetic diet. This list includes sodium, potassium, phosphorus and high sugar content of foods.
*Ask your dietitian if you can have any of these listed foods and make sure you know what the recommended serving size should be.
Milk and Non-dairy
Skim or fat-free milk, non-dairy creamer, plain curd, sugar-free ice cream, sugar-free nondairy frozen desserts, paneer, rice milk (enriched), sugar-free soy milk.
Chocolate milk, buttermilk, sweetened curd, sugar sweetened ice cream, sugar sweetened nondairy frozen desserts, Indian milk sweets.
Breads and Starches
White rice, white bread, idli, unsweetened and refined dry cereals, white or whole wheat pasta, unsalted crackers, whole wheat and whole grain bread.
Frosted or sugar-coated cereals, instant cereals, bran or granola bars, pancake mix, sugary or salty biscuits, salted snacks including potato chips, corn chips, and crackers. Whole grain hot cereals, oatmeal, raisin bran contain more phosphorus and potassium than refined products.
Fruits and Juices
Apples, apple juice, apricot halves, strawberries, raspberries, cranberries, blackberries, blueberries, low sugar cranberry juice, cherries, grapefruit, grapes, grape juice, mandarin oranges, pears, pineapple, plums, tangerine, watermelon, guava.
Avocados, bananas, dates, raisins, prunes, kiwis, mangoes, nectarines, oranges and orange juice, pomegranate, fruit canned in syrup, sweetened and canned juices.
Corn, peas (in moderation as they are high in phosphorus), potatoes (soaked to reduce potassium content), beets, broccoli, carrots, cabbage, cauliflower, cucumber, eggplant, green beans, kale, mustard greens, okra, onions, red and green peppers, radishes, raw spinach (1/2 cup), lettuce.
Baked potatoes, sweet potatoes, baked beans, dried beans like kidney, lima, lentil, pinto and soy, pumpkin, cooked spinach, tomatoes, tomato juice, tomato sauce or paste, vegetable juice.
Lean cuts of meat, poultry, fish, crab, shrimp, egg whites, low cholesterol egg substitute; paneer (limited due to high sodium content), tofu.
Bacon, canned meats, cheeses, hot dogs, organ meats, nuts, salami, salmon, sausages, pepperoni.
Soft or tub margarine low in trans fats, low fat cream cheese, low fat mayonnaise
Bacon fat, butter, lard, margarines high in trans fats, whipping cream.
Water, diet clear sodas, homemade tea or lemonade (unsweetened or sweetened with artificial sweetener).
Regular or diet dark colas, beer, fruit juices, fruit-flavored drinks or water sweetened with fruit juices, bottled or canned iced tea, lemonade (containing sugar, syrup or phosphoric acid), tea or lemonade sweetened with real sugar.
OTHER FOODS TO LIMIT OR AVOID
Candy, chocolate bars, syrup, honey, molasses, baked goods, ice cream, canned foods, condiments, onion, garlic, table salt, marinades, nuts, pizza, salted chips and snacks.