- On July 23, 2017 /
- By davita /
- In Health Tips
Prevention is the best way to avoid kidney damage from diabetic nephropathy.
Keep your blood sugar levels within your target range. Manage your blood sugar by eating healthy foods, taking your medicine, and getting regular exercise. Your doctor may want you to check your blood sugar several times each day.
Diabetes: Checking Your Blood Sugar
- Have yearly testing for protein in your urine.
- If you have type 1 diabetes, begin urine tests for protein after you have had diabetes for 5 years.
- Children with type 1 diabetes should begin yearly urine protein screening when they are 10 years of age and have had diabetes for 5 years.
- If you have type 2 diabetes, begin screening at the time diabetes is diagnosed.
- Keep your blood pressure under control with medicine, diet, and exercise. Learn to check your blood pressure at home.
Chronic Kidney Disease: Changing Your Diet
High Blood Pressure: Checking Your Blood Pressure at Home
Stay at a healthy weight. This can help you prevent other diseases, such as high blood pressure and heart disease.
Follow the nutrition guidelines for hypertension (including the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, or DASH, diet).
Do not smoke or use other tobacco products.
If you already have diabetic nephropathy, you may be able to slow the progression of kidney damage by:
Avoiding dehydration by promptly treating other conditions-such as diarrhea, vomiting, or fever-that can cause it. Be especially careful during hot weather or when you exercise.
Reducing your risk of heart disease. Lifestyle changes such as eating a heart-healthy diet, quitting smoking, and getting regular exercise can help reduce your overall risk of developing heart disease and stroke.
Treating other conditions that may block the normal flow of urine out of the kidneys, such as kidney stones, an enlarged prostate, or bladder problems.
Not using medicines that may be harmful to your kidneys, especially nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Be sure that your doctor knows about all prescription, nonprescription, and herbal medicines you are taking.
Avoiding X-ray tests that require IV contrast material, such as angiograms, intravenous pyelography (IVP), and some CT scans. IV contrast can cause further kidney damage. If you do need to have these types of tests, make sure your doctor knows that you have diabetic nephropathy.
Avoiding situations where you risk losing large amounts of blood, such as unnecessary surgeries. Do not donate blood or plasma.
Lowering your blood pressure, because high blood pressure can make kidney damage even worse.
Checking with your doctor to find out if it is safe for you to drink alcohol. Limiting alcohol can lower your blood pressure and lower your risk of kidney damage.
Dietary plan in Diabetic Nephropathy mainly include the follows:
- Take low protein food, but they can take adequate fish, lean meat, egg white or chicken to replenish the lost protein. These foods contain high quality protein which produce little wastes.
- Avoid high-potassium foods, like low sodium salt, sauce without salt, pickles, processed cans, ginseng powder, chicken powder, strong tea etc.
- Avoid High uric-acid food, like animal giblets, seafood, dried fish, beans etc.
- Foods that contain high amount of energy but low protein should be chosen, like potato, sweet potato and pumpkin should be considered.
- Low lipid consumptions. Olive oil and peanut oil have abundant monounsaturated fatty acids, which are good for human beings.
- In end-stage kidney disease, as kidneys fail to excrete potassium, and sodium. Foods like rape, spinach, tomato, kelp, banana and peach should be limited.
- If Diabetic Nephropathy patients have high blood pressure and swelling symptoms, they also need to limit salt intake. Foods rich in salt include pickles, salted eggs, salted vegetables, tomato sauce, barbecue, bacon and various seasons. Besides, fluids intake is also necessary to prevent the aggravation of swelling symptoms.
- Limit sugar intake, which need patients to keep far away from foods with high sugar like chocolate, orange juice, coconut, brown sugar and so on.