Kidneys are vital organs of the body which play an important role in the internal body. They help in filtering the blood of toxins and extra fluids. If your kidneys aren’t functioning properly, toxins will build up in your body and affect your overall health. When it comes to kidney health you can’t afford to take any chances.
Symptoms of kidney dysfunction include shortness of breath, swelling in the body, weakness and lethargy, confusion, vomiting, and poor sleep. It is very important to see a nephrologist when you experience any of these symptoms.
The demand for nephrologists in India has increased lately because medicine has made great advances in understanding the functions of the kidneys, so the best nephrologists are able to better recognize, treat and prevent kidney diseases to a great extent.
Nephrologists deal with a number of kidney problems including kidney stones, glomerular diseases, acute kidney disease, acute or chronic renal failure, and chronic kidney diseases. They are aware of the management of diabetes and its complications, high blood pressure, causes of infections and the nutritional management of kidney diseases. They have the ability to handle dialysis, kidney transplants and donor programs.
A nephrologist will go through your complete health history on your first visit and order for blood and urine tests to be done after making a note of the symptoms that you’re experiencing, in order to confirm a kidney disease. An ultrasound scan may also be necessary in some cases.
If the kidney screening tests point to kidney failure, then the nephrologist will first explain to you about your health condition. He/she may describe the choices of treatment that are available, and help you decide the treatment method. Kidney failure is treated with hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis or kidney transplant if a patient is able to afford the surgery, and the nephrologist is able to find a suitable donor. Nephrologists in India are especially burdened with the task of finding a donor for kidney failure patients, because the surgery has still not become popular in the country, and most people are not educated enough to be able to decide if they or their loved ones in critical conditions can be donors.
Once you’ve made the choice of treatment, the nephrologist will do his/her best to give you the finest treatment that will help improve the quality of life and add years to your life.
If you’ve chosen hemodialysis, he/she will keep a regular check on your health condition. Peritoneal dialysis is usually done at home, and if you have opted for home hemodialysis then you will have to visit the nephrologist about thrice a month initially, to make sure you’re doing the treatment right.
A good nephrologist will also help you get in touch with a dietician who will design a diet best suited for your condition. Diet forms an important part of kidney treatment. Your nephrologist will also push you to exercise and keep yourself physically active, because the more active you are, the better your kidneys will function.
If you have a kidney transplant, the nephrologist will require you to meet him/her once or twice a month during the first six months, and if everything goes smooth, you will have to see him/ her only once in six months.