- On June 30, 2017 /
- By davita /
- In Nutrition
Because your kidneys are not able to get rid of enough waste products and fluids from your blood and your body now has special needs, you will need to limit fluids and change your intake of certain foods in your diet. How well you feel will depend on:
- Eating the right kind and amounts of food from your diet
- Having the haemodialysis treatments your doctor orders for you
- Taking the medications your doctor orders for you
Your diet is very important to your care. It is important that you have the right amount of protein, calories, fluids, vitamins and minerals each day.
Because you are on dialysis, you have some very special needs. Eating well helps you stay healthy. Eating poorly can increase your risk of illness. Your dietician will talk with you about how well you are eating.
Few tips to stay healthy during haemodialysis:
- Fresh or plain frozen vegetables contain no added salt. Drain all the cooking fluid before serving.
- Canned fruits usually contain less potassium than fresh fruits. Drain all the fluid before serving.
- Non-dairy creamers are low in phosphorus and can be used in place of milk.
- Labels on food packages will give you information about some of the ingredients that may not be allowed in your diet. Learn to read these labels.
- To help you avoid salt, many herbs and spices can be used to make your diet more interesting. Check with your dietician for a list of these.
It is important that you have the right amounts of protein, calories, vitamins and minerals in your diet. Your dietitian will help you plan your meals to make sure that you get the proper balance during peritoneal dialysis.
Potassium is a mineral found naturally in foods that is dangerous when you have too much or too little.
Fluid and Sodium
Sodium is a mineral that is found naturally in foods and can affect your blood pressure. It is found in large amounts in table salt and in canned foods and processed meats.
Phosphorus is a mineral present in all foods. It is found in large amounts in milk, cheese, nuts, dried beans and peas.
Eating foods high in phosphorus will raise the phosphorus in your blood and this can cause calcium to be pulled from your bones.
Vitamins and Minerals
The dialysis treatment washes some water-soluble vitamins out of your body. If you are not getting all the vitamins and minerals you need from the foods you eat, vitamin and mineral supplements may be recommended.